It is generally accepted that the Pug originates in China. The Orient is known to have been the home of several short-faced, broad-mouthed dogs, some of which existed there several centuries before the Christian era. Some were long-coated, some were smooth, some short on the leg, some long-legged. The Pekingese traces its origin to the long-coated, short-legged kind, whereas the Pug is believed to have evolved from the longer-legged, smooth-coated ones.
While it is not known for sure when the Pug first came to Europe, the breed was well known on the continent in the sixteenth century, and there is a story how a Pug was instrumental in saving the life of Prince William the Silent of the Netherlands during the Spanish wars in the late sixteen hundreds. When Prince William of Orange arrived in England to take over the British throne in 1688 with his wife Mary, they had several Pugs with them. Since that time the breed has enjoyed varying degrees of popularity, at times being very much in vogue, and at others, almost extinct.
It is said the pet Pug of Josephine, Napoleon's wife, bit Napoleon rather than share his pillow. Josephine made it clear, if she had to choose, the Pug would win, so the Pug and Napoleon worked out a truce. He conquered most of Europe but not the Pug!
Here, gentlemen, a dog teaches us a lesson in humanity.
For thousands of years, the Pug has been bred for the sole purpose of being a companion. He does not track, hunt, retrieve, point or herd. He loves. And he is happiest when he is loved in return. Few today will argue with the statement that the Pug is the companion par exellence.
Pug are very adaptable and are anxious to discover and share your mood. They love to run loose (always in an enclosed area), to snooze in front of the fireplace or romp in the snow.
From rough play in the backyard or a tramp in the woods, to a gentle guardian of an infant or a patient listener to one`s problems, the Pug can be all things to all people. His fondness for children of all ages and his reliability as a companion to man are legendary.
As you walk through your home, you will always hear the "tappy tap tap " of your Pug`s toenails as he follows close at your heels, wondering what you will do next.
Arguably, your Pug could be called a guard dog for he will certainly give voice when a stranger is approaching, but will seldom bark for no reason at all.
The Pug has been referred to as ''Multo in Parvo'' meaning ''a lot of dog in a small space''. The Pug is an even-tempered breed that is playful, outgoing, dignified, and possesses great charm.